• University of Windsor, Bachelor of Science, 1973
  • University of Windsor, Bachelor of Laws, 1976
  • London School of Economics, Master of Laws, International Business Law, 1989
  • Graduate studies in International Law of Natural Resources, International Economic Law, International Business Transactions and International Commercial Arbitration Law
  • Awarded a mark of Distinction in all courses and the Schwarzenberger Prize in International Law
  • Certificate in Theory, Practice and Rules of Dispute Review Boards, CDRS Dispute Resolution Training Institute, Washington D.C., September 28, 2008.